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A Critical Bibliography of Existentialism (The Paris School)

October 18, 2008 admin 0

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For Sartre, the task of an eidetic analysis does not deliver something fixed immanent to the phenomenon. In Ethics of Ambiguity de Beauvoir offers a picture of the human subject as constantly oscillating between facticity and transcendence. There is no absolute and unchanging truth, but rather, truth is what works. The mode of knowing produced by the objective rational self is "science," which can provide universal truths about the world, regardless of the individual status of the knower. 4.
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Existentialist Ontology and Human Consciousness (Sartre and

October 17, 2008 admin 0

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In this way, we might also think about The Road as Gothic horror. For example, in Matthew 18 he tells a story about a man who is heavily in debt. The idea is something like this: Practices can allow things to show up as meaningful—as hammers, dollar bills, or artworks—because practices involve aims that carry with them norms, satisfaction conditions, for what shows up in them. In fact, many of the colleagues of Sartre gave rise to the Theater of Absurd.
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The Courage To Be

October 17, 2008 admin 0

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Similarly, Hemingway's "The Killers" shows a washed-up boxer who waits without hope for two contract killers who are coming to get him, but it is told from the point of view of a young man who is unwilling to sit quietly and accept grim fate. Antigone rejects life as desperately meaningless but without affirmatively choosing a noble death. Naturalism, the idea that nature is the sum total of reality, is rejected because there is Being beyond the phenomena available to man's vision and scientific method.
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Dada and Existentialism: The Authenticity of Ambiguity

October 17, 2008 admin 0

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Kierkegaard’s real value as a social and political thinker was not realized until after his death. Geometric Abstraction stressed the two-dimensionality of painting and converted subjects into geometric shapes. His best-known philosophical work was the short book I and Thou, published in 1922. The uncommon man is the free man and this liberation can come about only as man relates to God who enables this liberation. The existentialists’ urge for contemporary relevance fired their social and political commitment.
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Because I Am

October 17, 2008 admin 0

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Humanistic ethics as well as cultural ethics are as subjective as their sources. The proof of this is that if you are a Christian, you will say, "Consult a priest." Hegel’s achievement is monumental, but he has absentmindedly forgotten—himself, his own subjective opposition to the universal, objective system he has made. ‘The system’ denies the true foundation of decision in absolute, irremediably finite, individual subjectivity: [W]hat is existence for but to be laughed at if men in their twenties have already attained the utmost?
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The Heidegger Reader (Studies in Continental Thought)

October 17, 2008 admin 0

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Gender and Aesthetics is an introduction to the major theories and thinkers within art and aesthetics from a philosophical perspective, carefully introducing and examining the role that gender plays in forming ideas about art. Labelling Camus an existentialist for purposes of filing might make Camus' work easier to find for the general public, but does considering Camus an existentialist help us understand what he has to say once we've found him? They believe that hell is a self-imposed "mental anguish," emanating from the guilt of one's 10.
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The New Sartre (Continuum Collection)

October 17, 2008 admin 0

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They include The Trial, about a man who finds himself accused of a crime, although no one will tell him the charge against him, and The Castle, about a similarly indecipherable bureaucracy that keeps the main character from entering the building referred to in the title. But who will be the political meteorologists? Martin conveys many innumerable reasons in this article concentrating on an individual’s right to express them as they see fit.
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Sartre and Fiction

October 16, 2008 admin 0

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Therefore, in order to maintain itself as a relation which relates itself to itself, the self must constantly renew its faith in “the power which posited it.” There is no mediation between the individual self and God by priest or by logical system (contra Catholicism and Hegelianism respectively). Clearly, the anguish with which we are concerned here is not one that could lead to quietism or inaction. Philosophy strikes at the very center of what people do every single day: live their lives.
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Voice in the Darkness: Essay in Contemporary Catholic

October 16, 2008 admin 0

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One version, Sartrean existentialism, is elaborated below. In 1925, The Bauhaus moved into a new building in Dessau in 1925-6, and in 1932 relocated to Berlin where it was eventually closed by the Nazis in 1933. Another attempt of synthesis we find in The Social Construction of Reality by Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann. If it is true that in facing a situation, for example, one in which, as a person capable of having sexual relations, of having children, I am obliged to choose an attitude, and if I in any way assume responsibility for a choice which, in involving myself, also involves all mankind, this has nothing to do with caprice, even if no a priori value determines my choice.
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Introducing Camus

October 16, 2008 admin 0

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Memetics, founded by British evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins, is a related but competing field [36] that proposes that cultural evolution can occur in a Darwinian sense but independently of Mendelian mechanisms; it therefore examines the ways in which thoughts, or memes, may evolve independently of genes. I think it was made sufficiently clear to you in the case of that student who came to see me, that to whatever ethical system he might appeal, the Kantian or any other, he could find no sort of guidance whatever; he was obliged to invent the law for himself.
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